The conscious use of negative space is evident in all of my work.  Because negative space as well as positive space helps define sculpture, the importance of working with that negative space and deliberately using it as an element of the sculpture itself has become more important in my work over the course of time.  I have experimented with the idea of making negative space the primary sculpture itself, i.e., that which the viewer’s eye see first.  It is the combination of the two, positive and negative space, which gives sculpture its dynamic quality.
     I have exhibited in Illinois, Pennsylvania, Virginia and New York.